People who think they are well protected against harmful sun rays by wearing a T-shirt are disappointed. Sensible sunbathing with the use of a good sunscreen is therefore necessary.
Good preparation is good with good sun protection . Let your skin get used to the sun. This prevents the skin from burning. But it is also a lifelong investment. A skin that has been burned once, will remain extra sensitive to the sun for life.
Sunscreens are specially made to prevent sunburn. They contain UV filters, which means less UV radiation reaches the skin. However, a device that filters all UV radiation does not exist.
Even sunscreens that are extremely effective and protect against both UV-A (Aging) radiation and UV-B (Burning) radiation can not offer complete protection. A sunscreen must therefore be seen as an additional measure, besides wearing protective clothing and looking up the shadow between 12.00-15.000 hours.
Another – natural – protective mechanism is the formation of melanin under the influence of the sun. Melanin is the pigment that gives skin, hair and eyes their color. By becoming brown, the skin protects itself as it were.
Small children produce almost no melanin, so that there is not enough pigment to provide sufficient protection. Therefore it is important for young children in good lubrication .
Too much UV radiation at a young age can lead to a greater risk of skin cancer . Research has even shown that those who have been burned more than three times in their childhood, are five times more likely to develop skin cancer.
The sunscreen protection factor is indicated by SPF (Sun Protection Factor). The SPF must be carefully chosen and depends on your skin type.
Someone with pale skin, blond hair and blue eyes will burn faster in the sun than someone with tinted skin and brown eyes. You can safely sunbathe for 20 minutes with normal skin per SPF. An SPF 12 is therefore good for 12 times 20 minutes of sunbathing.
Incidentally, it is a myth that a higher factor will slow down browning. A cream with a higher factor prevents redness and burning, but does not prevent it from turning brown.
Generous and regular lubrication
In addition to choosing the right product, there is an important rule when sunning: lubricate generously and regularly. Do not over-skim with sunscreen.
To get the protection that the sunscreen promises to give, the cream must be applied to the skin rather thick. Economical lubrication gives a much lower protection factor than stated on the packaging.
Precise guidelines on quantities of cream to be applied are not to be given, but a ‘hand full’ for every infusion of the entire skin is not an exaggeration. It is also important to regularly re-apply the skin.
Ten golden rules for sunbathing
Saltaf has drawn up ten guidelines:
Enjoy the sun, but think about your skin.
Allow the skin to get used to the sun and prevent sunburn.
Look for the shadow between 12.00 and 15.00.
In the full sun, wear a cap or a sun hat and clothes.
Are you going into the sun for a long time? Smear uncovered skin with a sunscreen.
Ask the pharmacist or pharmacy for information about the right protection factor.
Carefully follow instructions for use of solar equipment.
Ask for personal advice in a tanning salon.
Get out of the sun and certainly not under the sunbed if your skin reacts strangely with, for example, rash, itching or rapid burning.
Consult a doctor if necessary.
UV radiation helps in some skin conditions, but not in others.
Request advice from a skin doctor.